There are two main game formats in golf – match play and stroke play. The first is a match in which holes are the basis for scoring, and the second is a scoring competition where the number of strokes is recorded. Outwardly similar, these formats imply a different procedure and system of penalties from each other. But in addition to the main types of games, there are many popular options for official and unofficial competitions.
This variation of the game is a tournament between two teams, which takes place during a predetermined round. Points are counted by holes, that is, the team that drove the ball, spending the least number of strokes, wins. If, by the end of the game, one of the groups has more winning holes in its assets than there are left on the golf course, it is considered the winner. In this case, the position of the teams is determined based on the number of holes passed and not passed. The position in which one of the teams has an advantage equal to the remaining holes is called dormi… If the game is played with a handicap in mind, the team with the lowest net score wins.
Types of match play
There are several formats for match play:
- Single – a single match in which two players compete against each other.
- Tris – a variant of a match play in which one athlete plays against two using one ball.
- Force – a kind of match play, during which the game is played in the 2/2 format with one ball, and the strikes are performed alternately.
- Tribol – a variant in which three participants conduct a match, fighting with each other. In this case, each of the athletes plays two games with his own ball.
- Bestball – the format of the game, during which one athlete tries to beat the best results of two or three players.
- Forball – a type of match play in which the game is played in a 2 by 2 format, and the winner is determined based on the best results.
These varieties of golf are official.
In a scoring competition, the winner is the athlete who plays a predetermined round with the minimum number of strokes. When the handicap is taken into account, the best is the participant with the lowest “net” result obtained during the round.
Stroke play formats
In competitions, there are three options for counting: bogey, steam and stableford. The first two types are scored as in a match game – according to the holes covered. Each of the holes in which the participant did not show the desired result is considered lost. As a result, the athlete who has passed the maximum number of holes with a positive result wins.
And in the stableford format, the player with the most points wins. The counting is done as follows:
- A competitor who hits the ball two or more times higher than par receives 0 points…
- With one “extra” blow, the athlete receives 1 point…
- The player who showed the result equal to a pair assigns to himself 2 points…
- If the participant coped with the task in one hit less than pairs, he receives 3 points…
And so on increasing: the fewer strokes the athlete took on the hole, the more points he earns.
Other golf competition formats
Unofficial variants of the competition can boast of no less popularity – scramble, ambrose or grins… And other types, such as patsom, string, chapman, skins or flag tournamentare quite popular and widespread.
What is the difference?
- IN scramble each member of a team of 2, 3 or 4 members takes the first stroke on each hole. The best result is determined by the athletes themselves and continue the game from the point where the ball of the best participant is. The competition continues until the hole is played to the end. A variation of this format is texas scramble, in which both teams and individual athletes become winners.
- Ambrose similar to scramble, but with handicap and net account usage. To establish the “net” score of the group, the team handicap is subtracted from the total number of points, which is determined by the formula: the sum of the handicaps of all team representatives is divided by the doubled number of athletes.
- Skins – a variant of a match play, in which a predetermined number of points or a certain amount of money falls on each hole. To get this “prize”, you need to show the best result on the hole. In the case when two or more players show the same maximum result, points and money are transferred to the next hole. And so on until the end of the game. If in the final round several participants gain the same amount of points, a replay is carried out.
- Greens is a kind of forsom, during which both players in each team perform a tee shot, then the best result in duets is chosen. The competitors with the worst ball take all the next odd and even shots on that hole, respectively.
- Patsom is a combination of formats. Of the 18 holes, the first 6 are phorball, the second 6 are grinsom, and the final 6 are forsom.
- Chapman, aka Pinehurst, is a variant of the forball, in which both players of the team hit with a tee with one ball, then change position and hit with another ball. Having chosen one ball with which they have to play the whole round, they determine the position and hit in turn until they roll into the hole.
Each golf format has its own rules and penalties for violations.